Ronald S. Brokerage is the activity of people who live at the intersection of social worlds, an advantage which can be seen in their compensation, who have a vision advantage of seeing and developing good ideas, recognition, and the responsibility they're entrusted with in comparison to their peers. Burt builds upon his celebrated work in this area to explore the nature of brokerage and closure.
Closure is the tightening of coordination in a closed network of people, and people who do this dowell as a complement to brokers because of the trust and alignment they create. Brokerage and closure explores how these elements work together to define social capital, pursued opportunity assignment, showing how in the business world reputation has come to replace authority, and reward has come tobe associated with achieving competitive advantage in a social order of continuous disequilibrium.
Brokerage and Closure: An Introduction to Social Capital Clarendon Lectures in Management Studies #ad - The formal organization deals with accountability; Everything else flows through the informal: advice, gossip, knowledge, cooperation friendship, coordination, trust. Informal relations have always been with us, they have always mattered. Who has it, and careers become more and more dependent on informal, and how to develop it have become key questions as markets, how it works, organizations, discretionary relationships.
Negotiating RationallyFree Press #ad - They identify strategies to avoid these pitfalls in negotiating by concentrating on opponents’ behavior and developing the ability to recognize individual limitations and biases. In negotiating rationally, max Bazerman and Margaret Neale explain how to avoid the pitfalls of irrationality and gain the upper hand in negotiations.
For example, to recklessly escalate previous commitments, managers tend to be overconfident, and fail to consider the tactics of the other party. Drawing on their research, the authors show how we are prisoners of our own assumptions. They explain how to think rationally about the choice of reaching an agreement versus reaching an impasse.
Negotiating Rationally #ad - A must read for business professionals.
Structural Holes: Social Structure of CompetitionHarvard University Press #ad - The contrast between perfect competition and monopoly is replaced with a network model of competition. When the two are connected through a third individual as entrepreneur, the gap is filled, creating important advantages for the entrepreneur. The basic element in this account is the structural hole: a gap between two individuals with complementary resources or information.
Ronald burt describes the social structural theory of competition that has developed through the last two decades. Competitive advantage is a matter of access to structural holes in relation to market transactions.
Neighbor Networks: Competitive Advantage Local and PersonalOUP Oxford #ad - A variety of research settings are studied, and diverse theoretical perspectives are taken. Advantage is concentrated in people who are themselves well connected. This book is a trail of argument and evidence that leads to the conclusion that individuals make a lot of their own network advantage. This book shows that affiliation with well-connected people adds stability but no advantage to a person's own connections.
Look around your organization. The research gives new emphasis to Coleman's initial image of social capital as a forcing function for human capital. This book is for academics and researchers of organizational and network studies interested in a new angle on familiar data, and as a supplemental reading in graduate courses on social networks, stratification, or organizations.
Neighbor Networks: Competitive Advantage Local and Personal #ad - The individuals doing well tend to be affiliated with well-connected colleagues. However, the advantage obvious to the naked eye is misleading. There is a moral to this book, a bit of Confucian wisdom often ignored in social network analysis: "Worry not that no one knows you, seek to be worth knowing. This advice is contrary to the usual social network emphasis on securing relations with well-connected people.
Neighbor networks examines the cases of analysts, in fact, bankers, and managers, and finds that rewards, do go to people with well-connected colleagues. It disappears when an individual's own characteristics are held constant.
Causation: A Very Short Introduction Very Short IntroductionsOUP Oxford #ad - These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Without it, there would be no science or technology. Do causes produce their effects by guaranteeing them? do causes have to precede their effects? Can causation be reduced to the forces of physics? And are we rightto think of causation as one single thing at all?ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area.
Our expert authors combine facts, perspective, analysis, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable. It is causation that is at the basis of prediction and also explanation. This very short introduction introduces the key theories of causation and also the surrounding debates and controversies.
Causation: A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions #ad - . Nor would we have a system of law because blame resides only in someone having caused injury or damage. Any intervention we make in the world around us is premised on there being causal connections that are, to a degree, predictable. There would be no moral responsibility either, as none of our thoughts would be connected with our actions and none of our actions with any consequences.
Causation is the most fundamental connection in the universe.
Cost-Benefit Analysis: Concepts and PracticeCambridge University Press #ad - It provides thorough treatments of time discounting, dealing with contingent uncertainty using expected surpluses and option prices, taking account of parameter uncertainties using Monte Carlo simulation and other types of sensitivity analyses, stated preference methods including contingent valuation, revealed preference approaches, and other related methods.
. Cost-benefit analysis provides accessible, authoritative, comprehensive, and practical treatments of the protocols for assessing the relative efficiency of public policies. Illustrations, exhibits, chapter exercises, and case studies help students master concepts and develop craft skills. Updated to cover contemporary research, this edition is considerably reorganized to aid in student and practitioner understanding, and includes eight new cases to demonstrate the actual practice of cost-benefit analysis.
Cost-Benefit Analysis: Concepts and Practice #ad - Widely cited, it is recognized as an authoritative source on cost-benefit analysis. Its review of essential concepts from microeconomics, and its sophisticated treatment of important topics with minimal use of mathematics helps students from a variety of backgrounds build solid conceptual foundations.
Mastering 'Metrics: The Path from Cause to EffectPrinceton University Press #ad - Simpson have saved his ex-wife's life? Instrumental variables methods instruct law enforcement authorities in how best to respond to domestic abuse. Wielding econometric tools with skill and confidence, Mastering 'Metrics uses data and statistics to illuminate the path from cause to effect. Shows why econometrics is importantExplains econometric research through humorous and accessible discussionOutlines empirical methods central to modern econometric practiceWorks through interesting and relevant real-world examples.
An accessible and fun guide to the essential tools of econometric researchApplied econometrics, known to aficionados as 'metrics, is the original data science. J. Could arresting O. Through accessible discussion and with a dose of kung fu–themed humor, Mastering 'Metrics presents the essential tools of econometric research and demonstrates why econometrics is exciting and useful.
Mastering 'Metrics: The Path from Cause to Effect #ad - The five most valuable econometric methods, or what the authors call the Furious Five--random assignment, instrumental variables, regression, regression discontinuity designs, and differences in differences--are illustrated through well-crafted real-world examples vetted for awesomeness by Kung Fu Panda's Jade Palace.
Metrics encompasses the statistical methods economists use to untangle cause and effect in human affairs. When private banks teeter, and depositors take their money and run, should central banks step in to save them? Differences-in-differences analysis of a Depression-era banking crisis offers a response.
Are expensive private colleges and selective public high schools better than more pedestrian institutions? Regression analysis and a regression discontinuity design reveal the surprising truth.
Political Economy for Public PolicyPrinceton University Press #ad - Finally, it shows how the political process creates technological and incentive constraints on government that shape policy outcomes. The ideal introductory textbook to the politics of the policymaking processThis textbook uses modern political economy to introduce students of political science, government, economics, and public policy to the politics of the policymaking process.
The book's distinct political economy approach has two virtues. It also unifies the policy curriculum, offering coherence to standard methods for teaching economics and statistics, and drawing connections between fields. The book begins by exploring the normative foundations of policymaking—political theory, social choice theory, and the Paretian and utilitarian underpinnings of policy analysis.
By developing general principles for thinking about policymaking, it can be applied across a range of issue areas. Throughout, concepts and models are illustrated and reinforced with discussions of empirical evidence and case studies. This textbook is essential for all students of public policy and for anyone interested in the most current methods influencing policymaking today.
Political Economy for Public Policy #ad - Comprehensive approach to politics and policy suitable for advanced undergraduates and graduate studentsModels unify policy curriculum through methodological coherenceExercises at the end of every chapterSelf-contained appendices cover necessary game theoryExtensive discussion of cases and applications.
It then introduces game theoretic models of social dilemmas—externalities, coordination problems, and commitment problems—that create opportunities for policy to improve social welfare.
Analyzing Social NetworksSAGE Publications Ltd #ad - Designed to walk beginners through core aspects of collecting, analyzing, visualizing, and interpreting social network data, this book will get you up-to-speed on the theory and skills you need to conduct social network analysis. Using simple language and equations, the authors provide expert, clear insight into every step of the research process—including basic maths principles—without making assumptions about what you know.
With a particular focus on netdraw and UCINET, the book introduces relevant software tools step-by-step in an easy to follow way. In addition to the fundamentals of network analysis and the research process, a glossary, and a fully updated companion website, like QAP and ERGM The structure and centrality of networks Methods for cohesive subgroups/community detectionSupported by new chapter exercises, this Second Edition focuses on: Digital data and social networks like Twitter Statistical models to use in SNA, this text is the perfect student-friendly introduction to social network analysis.
Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications Structural Analysis in the Social Sciences Book 8Cambridge University Press #ad - Social network analysis: methods and Applications reviews and discusses methods for the analysis of social networks with a focus on applications of these methods to many substantive examples. It is also intended for use as a textbook as it is the first book to provide comprehensive coverage of the methodology and applications of the field.
. Social network analysis is used widely in the social and behavioral sciences, marketing, as well as in economics, and industrial engineering. It is a reference book that can be used by those who want a comprehensive review of network methods, or by researchers who have gathered network data and want to find the most appropriate method by which to analyze it.
Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications Structural Analysis in the Social Sciences Book 8 #ad - The social network perspective focuses on relationships among social entities and is an important addition to standard social and behavioral research, which is primarily concerned with attributes of the social units.
The Basics of Public Budgeting and Financial Management: A Handbook for Academics and PractitionersHamilton Books #ad - For example: creating tax structures, risk assessments, cost benefit analysis, conducting a financial management plan, and so on. The basics of public budgeting and financial Management brings budgetary theory and practice together, filling the void between the two that has existed in the field of budgeting and public finance.
Specifically, students will be exposed to basic budget and finance concepts, but more importantly they will complete assignments where they apply the information in various settings. The ancillary materials make the process very easy for an instructor to organize their lectures around thematic areas. These exercises are the key to ensuring that students leave the classroom with knowledge and marketable skills.
The Basics of Public Budgeting and Financial Management: A Handbook for Academics and Practitioners #ad - This handbook also shows students how to best utilize tools that allow them to visually display budgets and other budgetary data. While the original purpose of the book is the same, the third edition of the book provides a few new thematic sections as well as homework questions and classroom assignments that reinforce the topical areas.
The book is a must read for instructor’s who are considering a course that introduces students to budgeting and finance and those who want student’s to learn the basic components of budgeting and financial management. Students will gain the solid foundation needed to begin work in a budget office. This book bridges the gap by providing students with applications and exercises that reinforce budgetary theory.